With various nutritional and health benefits, different parts of the chironji (Cheraunji) (Buchanania lanzan) plant are widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. Chironji seeds, especially, are used as a replacement for almonds due to their high protein, good cholesterol, and low calorie content. They are also rich in dietary fiber, vitamins B1, B2, B3, and C. Apart from these, minerals like iron, phosphorous, and calcium make the seeds a good topping for your salads and desserts. Mentioned below are the various health benefits of chironji. The astringent properties present in the oil extracted from the seeds have the capability to regularize bowel movements. They work by binding the stool particles together. Chironji oil is, therefore, effectively used in treating diarrhea.
Adding a few drops of this oil to a fruit juice or ORS is the best method of consumption.The roasted seeds of chironji have aphrodisiac properties. They increase libido and help overcome problems like premature ejaculation and impotence. They also enhance the quality and motility of sperms. The roasted and ground seeds when consumed with milk promote added benefits of strengthening the reproductive system.The leaf extract of the chironji plant has anti-diabetic properties. A study conducted on diabetic rats revealed a significant reduction in the blood sugar levels after the chironji leaf extract was administered.1 Further studies are in progress to check for the level of efficacy in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Traditionally, chironji root extract has been widely used in treating mouth ulcers.
Studies were conducted on rats and the findings showed positive results. The wound-healing ability of the extract fights the ulcers formed in the GI tract. Though the study emphasizes on therapeutic benefits, the exact pharmacological study still gives a lot of room for research. Chironji oil has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Steam inhalation after adding a few drops of the oil to water helps clear nasal and chest congestion. The antioxidant property rebuilds the tissue layer in the case of severe cold. The leaf and root extracts have also shown similar medicinal benefits in rats.Chironji oil is an excellent moisturizer. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties prevent aging and keep any skin infections at bay. Ground chironji seeds when mixed with gram flour and curd make an excellent scrub for the face. When mixed with aloe vera, they promote flawless and acne-free skin.The anti-inflammatory properties reduce the swelling of thyroid glands. Topical application of the oil has shown beneficial results. Application of the same on the joints significantly reduces the swelling and pain due to rheumatoid arthritis. Skin infections post an insect bite or over-exposure to the sun can be treated by massaging the affected area with the oil.
Apart from the numerous health benefits, chironji is also widely used in the food industry for clarifying beer and wine. The extracts are harnessed by the pharma industry as a potent replacement for almonds. With all of its parts imparting one or the other benefit, chironji is no wonder a savoury, yet therapeutic plant.